Amazing lake Balkhash
One of the main attractions of Kazakhstan is lake Balkhash. It is in the list of the largest lakes in the world occupies the thirteenth place. The lake is unique – it is separated by a Strait into two parts. On one side of the Strait the water is fresh, and on the other – salt. In Kazakh, Tatar and Altaic languages the name of the lake means “marsh”.
As all the attractions of the East, lake Balkhash has quite a beautiful and sad legend.
In ancient times the Almighty sorcerer Balkhash has grown daughter, a beauty named Or. Some time passed, and the sorcerer has conceived to marry her. Learned about this rich grooms from all over the world, and after a while the caravans with rich offerings flocked to the house of the sorcerer. But among the wealthy applicants on the heart of the beautiful was a simple poor boy – the shepherd Karatal, Or love at first sight. As usual, among the suitors competition was held, won naturally Karatal.
However treacherous the father gave him his beautiful daughter, despite the promises made. Then the lovers decided to escape. On hearing this, the enraged sorcerer cast his curse, and turned the fugitives in two rivers, carrying water from the mountains. To the river I could never connect, rushed distraught father between them and turned into a lake, called lake Balkhash.
Lake Balkhash is first mentioned in ancient Chinese writings. It is the Chinese was the nearest location with a developed civilization, which could see the region. Lands, which were located to the West of the famous Chinese wall, they called the “si-Yu”, which means “Western region”. On these lands was already known to the twenty-sixth one hundred year BC, in the six hundred and seventh year the Chinese made maps of the 44 States that are located at that time in Asia.
Lake Balkhash in 1644-1911, was located at the Northern border of China. In 1864 between Russia and China signed an agreement under which the Balkhash and all the territory adjacent to it went into the possession of Russia.
In 1903-1904 the Balkhash lake was studied by the expedition of the Russian geographer Berg, the studies found that lake Balkhash is located at the Aral-Caspian basin and in the past they never connected. Berg concluded that the lake never dries up, and its waters are fresh. However, it was noted that in ancient times the Balkhash dry out and then again filled with water, which has not become salty.
Beautiful nature, beautiful surroundings, relax on the sandy beach, fishing and hunting – all – lake Balkhash. Photos can’t depict the beauty of these places. Balkhash lake – holidays in a quiet and peaceful setting, with a fishing rod in his hands. For this there are numerous fishing facilities. Without a catch won’t stay here for even a beginner.
Tourist base on the lake will give you an incomparable stay – surfing, jet-skiing, boat, yacht. You will experience the healing properties of the water of this lake and generalizirovanny sulphurous mud.