How many lakes in Karelia?
Lakes is a true visiting card of the Republic. Only relatively large lakes – more than 60 thousand, but the exact number of lakes along with forest Lambada (the so-called Karelia in small forest lakes) is almost impossible to calculate. But the statistics are impressive – the total area of lakes of Karelia — about 18 thousand square kilometers. According to experts, 25% of the area of Karelia occupied by the lake – from giant to tiny reservoirs of lambesc.
Large lakes of the Republic of Onega and Ladoga.
Lake Onega (Onega) – it also informally called Onega sea – is located in the southeastern part of the Republic. On the shores of lake Onega are located in the city of Petrozavodsk, Kondopoga, Medvezhyegorsk. The lake is fed by about 50 rivers, and flows only one — the Svir river.
The lake area without the Islands is from 9.7 thousand square km (without Islands); the volume of water mass is 285 cubic meters; the length from North to South — 245 km, maximum width — to 91.6 km, Average depth is 30 m and the maximum is 127 m. the Height above sea level of 33 m. the length of the coastline on the mainland 1542 km, with Islands — 2699 km
Lake Ladoga (Ladoga; the historical name is nebo) is the largest freshwater lake in Europe. On the shores of lake Ladoga are of Sortavala. Pitkyaranta, Lahdenpohja. In the lake Ladoga fall 35 rivers, and flows only one — the Neva river.
The lake area without the Islands is from 17.6 thousand km2 (including Islands 18.1 thousand km2); the volume of water mass is 908 cubic meters; the length from North to South is 219 km, the maximum width is 138 km Depth is uneven: in the North part of it ranges from 70 to 230 m, in South — from 20 to 70 m.
Among other large lakes of Karelia, lake Vygozero (more than 1 thousand square meters), Topozero, Segozero and Pyaozero (total area of 2.5 thousand km2), lake Vodlozero, lake Kuito, Syamozero, and others.
The predominant color of water is yellowish, reasons: the abundance of vegetation that shed leaves in the water and the flow wetlands, peat water.
However, there are in Karelia and the unique lake, for example – rosero, where the water is as transparent as lake Baikal. This glacial lake, very deep, at the bottom it beat cold keys. The combination of these factors makes it not too large lake in a unique reservoir with unusual ecosystem.