The biggest Japanese lake
The biggest Japanese lake
Biwa is the largest lake of the Country of the rising sun. Since ancient times it is famous for the clear waters, in recent years this pond is an example of careful attitude to the nature for the entire world community.
The largest lake of Japan located on the largest island of the country of Honshu . Here, in the Western part, in Shiga Prefecture have any long revered by the Japanese as a sacred lake Biwa. The water of this lake is so clear that the legend about its purity were stacked hundreds of years ago.
To call this Alpine lake can only be a stretch, Biwa height above sea level of only 86 meters. The length of the lake is 63 km and a width of 20 km. the lake Is divided into North and South. The Northern part of lake Biwa deeper, the average depth here is 50 meters, the southern part of the Biwa is much smaller – tens of times. The deepest part of the lake Biwa is a depression in 104 metres from the water’s surface.
Interestingly, the temperature of the waters of this lake are the same, even at depth. Scientists this fact is not left alone, was carried out the following experiment: on the bottom of the lake were laid, vacuum-Packed plastic bags with rice. As it turned out, at the bottom of lake rice can be stored for three years without losing its nutritional and beneficial properties.
Lake Biwa plays an important role in economic respect: here, the excellent pearl, the waters of the lake are used for water supply of many settlements, fields and the city of Kyoto. The lake is navigable, and through him laid the Great bridge, connecting the cities of Otsu and Moriyama .
In the 70’s of the last century threatened the demise of this beautiful lake of Japan. The waters of the lake were full of nutrients. What caused the lack of oxygen in the water and to destruction of flora and fauna. So had the side-effect of anthropogenic factors affecting Biwa . You should give credit to the Japanese, who managed in a short time, to take all measures to save this unique lake.
Local residents made a proposal to reduce the production, sale and use of phosphorus-containing synthetic detergents. The expected results of treatment has led to legislation and regulations of the relevant acts. Now the lake is saved, it is no longer on the brink of ecological disaster.
Every year tourists go to Biwa . attracted by the beauty of the scenery, abundance of fish and birds. It even has a Biwa Museum where you can learn new and interesting things about the ecology and history of this unique water body.